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Jean Dubuffet (1901 FR)

About

Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French painter and sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so called “low art” and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favor of what he believed to be a more authentic and humanistic approach to image-making. He is perhaps best known for founding the art movement Art Brut, and for the collection of works—Collection de l’art brut—that this movement spawned. Dubuffet enjoyed a prolific art career, both in France and in America, and was featured in many exhibitions throughout his lifetime. Dubuffet was born in Le Havre to a family of wholesale wine merchants who were part of the wealthy bourgeoisie. He moved to Paris in 1918 to study painting at the Académie Julian, becoming close friends with the artists Juan GrisAndré Masson, and Fernand Léger. Six months later, upon finding academic training to be distasteful, he left the Académie to study independently. During this time, Dubuffet developed many other interests, including music, poetry, and the study of ancient and modern languages. Dubuffet also traveled to Italy and Brazil, and upon returning to Le Havre in 1925, he married for the first time and went on to start a small wine business in Paris. He took up painting again in 1934 when he made a large series of portraits in which he emphasized the vogues in art history.  But again he stopped, developing his wine business at Bercy during the German Occupation of France. Years later, in an autobiographical text, he boasted about having made substantial profits by supplying wine to the Wehrmacht.

 

 

 

 

The Fondation Jean Dubuffet currently collects and exhibits his work.

The following is a chronological list of exhibits featuring Dubuffet, along with the number of his works displayed at each exhibit.

  • 1944: Galerie Rene Drouin, Paris
  • 1946: Galerie Rene Drouin, Paris
  • 1951: Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York 29 works
  • 1955: Institute of Contemporary Arts, London 56 works
  • 1957: Stadtisches Museum, Leverkusen 87 works
  • 1958: Arthur Tooth and Sons, London 31 works
  • 1959: Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York 77 works
  • 1960: Arthur Tooth and Sons, London 40 works
  • 1960: Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover 88 works
  • 1960: Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris 402 works
  • 1960: Hanover Gallery, London 27 works
  • 1962: Museum of Modern Art, New York 85 works
  • 1962: Robert Fraser Gallery, London 60 works
  • 1963: Galleria Marlborough, Rome 68 works
  • 1964: Robert Fraser Gallery, London 18 works
  • 1964: Palazzo Grassi, Venice 107 works
  • 1964-5: Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam 198 works
  • 1964-5: Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris 18 works
  • 1964-5: Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris 46 works
  • 1965: Galerie Beyeler, Basel 88 works
  • 1965: Gimpel Hanover Galerie, Zurich 34 works
  • 1966: Institute of Contemporary Arts, London 76 works
  • 1966: Robert Fraser Gallery, London 13 works